Mars in Solar system
Tuesday, 18 February 2014 21:52

Our Solar system is removed from the center of the galaxy milky way 26,000 light years. About 6 billion years ago, in the nebula, it began its formation. With the help of gravity began to emerge of the planet. After the Sun ignited, it threw a powerful gust of solar wind, which drove away the nebula gas and dust to the outskirts of the Solar system, had made the planet visible.

As the result we can see 8 planets orbiting the Sun. To the planets of the terrestrial group include Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. The other 4 planets in our Solar system are gas giants – Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune. It should be noted that until 2006, was considered to be 9 planets rotating around the Sun. Ninth  planet was Pluto. However, in the early twenty-first century, behind Pluto, were discovered objects that by weight and size were bigger than Pluto, so in 2006, it was stripped of planet status with giving the status of a small planet.

Among these 8 there are two planets that have conditions for existence of water in the liquid state - it is Earth and Mars. Mars is likely will be take an important role in the history of mankind. This second step leading humanity to the stars. Flying robots to Mars showed us that it is amazingly beautiful and dangerous desert planet. Mars is very cold. This planet is far from the Sun, on 75 million km (average) further than Earth. So he receives 2 times less heat than our planet. On different regions of Mars the temperature ranges from 20 ° C to -150 ° C, its gravity is 38% of the earth, as it is almost 2 times smaller than Earth. Mars take more solar radiation, because there is a thin atmosphere and virtually no electromagnetic field. This planet has two moons - Phobos and Deimos.

Majestically powerful red star – Mars, you can see in the sky with the naked eye. Ominous Mars, which according to various legends can bring to the Land of misery, in the sky is best seen during his confrontation with the Ground. Confrontation of Mars repeats approximately every 2 years 50 days. During a confrontation this planet you can find its characteristic reddish hue. The color can vary from pale reddish to red, depending on the climate of the planet. The dates of the oppositions of Mars are shown below.